The US’s top infectious diseases doctor is to tell senators that the country will suffer “needless suffering and death” if it opens up too soon.

In an email to the New York Times, Dr Anthony Fauci set out the arguments he intends to make at Tuesday’s hearing.

“If we skip over the checkpoints in the guidelines to Open America Again, then we risk the danger of multiple outbreaks,” he told the newspaper.

More than 80,000 people have died from the coronavirus in the US.

Although the White House has laid out guidelines for reopening, it is ultimately up to state governors to make the decisions on how to ease the lockdown.

Re-opening the country prematurely “will not only result in needless suffering and death, but would actually set us back on our quest to return to normal” said the doctor, who is a key member of the White House coronavirus task force.

In his comments to the New York Times, Dr Fauci was referring to the White House’s Opening Up America Again plan, which includes three 14-day phases that states should consider implementing as they allow schools and businesses to re-open.

He will be testifying to the Senate Health, Education, Labour and Pensions Committee.

Witnesses will be appearing remotely. Three members of the White House coronavirus task force are self-isolating after possible exposure to the illness, including Dr Fauci.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention director Dr Robert Redfield and Food and Drug Administration commissioner Stephen Hahn are also self-isolating.

Dr Fauci has tested negative but will continue to work from home for the time being, and will be regularly tested.

He plans to warn of the risks associated with reopening the country too soon, and will advise people that there is a lot they can do to get back to normality, but they should follow government guidelines, he told CBS News.

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Some US states are beginning to lift lockdown orders. Georgia, Oklahoma, Alaska and South Carolina have already allowed some businesses to reopen and have issued plans that call for more rules to be relaxed.

Tuesday’s hearing will be Dr Fauci’s first appearance before lawmakers since President Donald Trump declared a state of national emergency in March.

The senior health adviser – who has become the public face of the fight against the virus in the US – was blocked from testifying to a congressional committee examining the Trump administration’s response to the pandemic on May 6.

What’s the situation like in the US?

The United States alone has more than 1.3 million confirmed cases according to the Johns Hopkins University coronavirus tracker – almost six times as many as any other country.

The number of coronavirus-related deaths has now surpassed 80,000.

President Trump claimed that the US had “prevailed” in testing people for coronavirus infections in a news conference on Monday.

But as of this week, the US has tested only 2.75% of its 330m population, and no state has tested 10% of residents.

In a separate development, White House staff have been ordered to wear masks when entering the West Wing after two aides tested positive for coronavirus.

Mr Trump said he did not need to follow the directive as he kept “far away from everyone”.

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