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Joe Biden has been officially anointed the Democratic presidential candidate at the party’s convention, helped over the line with some glowing testimonials from elder statesmen.

Two Democratic former presidents, Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter, and former Secretary of State Colin Powell, a Republican, endorsed Mr Biden.

Mr Clinton said President Donald Trump had brought “chaos” to the Oval Office.

Mr Trump trails Mr Biden in opinion polls ahead of November’s election.

Mr Biden, the former vice-president under President Barack Obama, became his party’s nominee on Tuesday night in a pre-recorded roll call vote from delegates in all 50 states.

This is Mr Biden’s third White House bid, having formerly run in 1988 and 2008. The 77-year-old’s campaign appeared to be in danger of collapse back in February this year.

On the second night of the party convention on Tuesday, with the theme “leadership matters,” Mr Clinton delivered the key address.

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“Donald Trump says we’re leading the world,” Mr Clinton said in his five-minute message pre-recorded from his home in Chappaqua, New York. “Well, we are the only major industrial economy to have its unemployment rate triple.

“At a time like this, the Oval Office should be a command centre. Instead, it’s a storm centre. There’s only chaos.”

Following addresses from former First Lady Michelle Obama and Senator Bernie Sanders on Monday, Tuesday’s speeches aimed to persuade voters the Democratic party is the best suited to repair problems at home and abroad.

Mr Powell said Mr Biden shared “the values I learned growing up in the south Bronx and serving in uniform”.

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The decorated four-star general said he supported him for president because “we need to restore those values to the White House”.

In June, Mr Powell – who served under President George W Bush and has appeared at multiple Republican conventions in previous years – called President Trump a liar and endorsed Mr Biden.

He joins several Republicans who have endorsed Mr Biden, including former Ohio Governor John Kasich during the first night of the convention.

Cindy McCain, the widow of Republican Senator John McCain, also spoke about the friendship between her late husband and Mr Biden, though she stopped short of a formal endorsement.

Former Secretary of State John Kerry addressed the convention virtually to assail Mr Trump’s leadership.

“When this president goes overseas, it isn’t a goodwill mission, it’s a blooper reel,” he said.

“He breaks up with our allies and writes love letters to dictators. America deserves a president who is looked up to, not laughed at.”

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The freshly minted Democratic nominee’s wife, Jill Biden, potentially the next US first lady, delivered the night’s headline address, standing in an empty classroom at the Delaware high school where she taught English in the 1990s.

Urging everyone to vote for her husband, who joined her, she said: “The burdens we carry are heavy, and we need someone with strong shoulders.

“I know that if we entrust this nation to Joe, he will do for your family what he did for ours: bring us together and make us whole.”

The convention is largely virtual, amid the coronavirus pandemic, and it is unclear whether a format of pre-recorded speeches and no live audience will generate the same levels of enthusiasm as the traditional party gatherings. Next week’s Republican convention will also be mostly online.

The opening night drew 28% fewer viewers than in 2016, according to ratings from Nielsen, a global measurement and data analytics company. Democrats said an additional 10m watched online, which if confirmed would put its audience at slightly above levels that year.

Democrats’ big tent

Jill Biden’s speech wasn’t as polished as Michelle Obama’s, but it had a raw emotion of its own. She stood in an empty classroom and spoke of students in the autumn whose learning would be confined to boxes on a computer screen, not bustling schools.

She talked about the fears – economic and health-related – created by the coronavirus pandemic.

The evening began with a keynote address delivered by a rotating collection of up-and-coming Democratic politicians.

It was a format that only works in a virtual convention, but as a joint affair, it’s unlikely to be the kind of launching pad enjoyed by keynote speakers from previous conventions including Mario Cuomo, Julian Castro and, most notably, Barack Obama.

As on Monday night, there was once again a concerted effort to reach out to disaffected Republicans by using members of their party – this time, former Secretary of State Colin Powell and Cindy McCain, wife of former Senator John McCain.

Meanwhile, younger Democrats often billed as rising stars within the party, such as former Georgia lawmaker Stacey Abrams, were given a few moments in the spotlight on Tuesday.

New York congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez used her speech to highlight the policies of the so-called progressive wing of the party.

She seconded the nomination of fellow left-winger Vermont Senator Sanders for president, although this was a routine procedural motion.

She did not mention Mr Biden in her speech, but later tweeted her “deepest congratulations”, adding “let’s go win in November”. Ms Ocasio-Cortez also expressed anger at a US media tweet that said she had not endorsed Mr Biden, calling it “malicious and misleading”.

Mr Trump is continuing to paint Mr Biden as a puppet of left-wing radicals. Earlier on Tuesday, the president was in Arizona, his latest stop on a week-long campaign tour of key battleground states.

Most polls show Mr Biden in the lead thus far, though Mr Trump has tightened the margin in recent weeks and the election is still months away.

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The Democratic convention, originally planned for Milwaukee, Wisconsin, will continue on Wednesday and Thursday, with speeches from vice-presidential pick Senator Kamala Harris, the party’s 2016 nominee Hillary Clinton and former President Obama.

The four nights will end with an acceptance speech from Mr Biden.

At next week’s Republican convention, Mr Trump will give his acceptance speech from the White House, brushing aside accusations that in doing so he is politicising the presidential seat of power.

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