The birth of a mountain range in what is now South Africa may have helped to drive one of the most severe mass extinctions in Earth’s history.
The Permian extinction struck about 252 million years ago. It’s traditionally thought to have wiped out at least 80 per cent of species in the sea and on land. Massive volcanic eruptions are thought to have played a major role.
But in the last five years we have realised that another mass extinction happened not long before, roughly 260 …
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